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BLOG

SILVERFISH APPEARANCE, BIOLOGY, HABITAT, CONTROL RECOMMENDATIONS


 Biology
Silverfish is about 1/2 inch long, with a uniform silvery color over the upper surface. Their bodies are long and slender, flattened. The bodies are broad at the front, and gradually tapering toward the rear.

Habitat
  • Silverfish prefer a dark, moist environment and require a large supply of starchy foods or molds.
  • Silverfish are considered to be nuisance pests that can feed on wallpaper pastes, natural textiles, books, and papers.
  • Silverfish also feed on mold or fungi that can grow on various surfaces.


  • They are fast-moving and can travel throughout buildings. Silverfish are found in basements, kitchens, sinks, bathtubs, in bookcases, on closet shelves, behind baseboards, wallpaper, window or door frames, wall voids, and sub-floor areas. Outside, they may be found in nest of insects, birds, mammals, and under tree bark and mulch
    They can be found in wood shingles or sidings on houses, they may enter the home from these. Silverfish are active at night or  active in dark places found throughout the structure You may see silverfish trapped in sinks and bathtubs because they enter seeking moisture and are unable to climb a slick vertical surface to escape
    Once silverfish find a good source of food, they stay close to it.
Life Cycle



  • Silverfish go through only a three stage life cycle called gradual metamorphosis, while many insects have a four stage life cycle (complete metamorphosis).
    Silverfish may lay eggs at any time during the year, and take 19-43 days to hatch.
    The life cycle from silverfish egg to adult is three to four months.
    They prefer humid areas (75 to 97% humidity), like bathrooms and moderate temperatures (70o to 80o F). 
 Damage of Silverfish:

  • Silverfish can damage book bindings, wallpaper, paper goods and dry foods. They may eat holes, irregular shaped in the wallpaper to get to the paste.
    Silverfish may bite very small holes in various fabrics, including cotton, linen, and silk, even though they cannot digest either linen or cotton.



   
They may leave a yellowish stain on fabric.

RECOMMENDED MEASURES FOR SILVERFISH CONTROL: How to Get Rid of and Kill Silverfish
Sanitation is the first and foremost element of any effective silverfish and firebrat control program and is most suitable for the control of all crawling insects.
 Regularly clean around and behind appliances and machinery, inside cupboards, drawers and pantries and keep countertops clean. Also clean beneath sinks and other dark or humid locations. Wrap or insulate pipes that have excessive condensation, repair leaky faucets and pipes, ventilate bathrooms and dehumidify areas of excess moisture.Dehumidifying reduces the moisture content of the air that these insects find essential.
Regularly vacuuming cracks and crevices with a narrow vacuum tip also can be a good method to physically remove these insects from their harborages. Removal of food sources , stored in tight containers.
 look into stored boxes and the insulation in your attic. It is best to dust or bait these areas for greater control. when you use baits or dusts, you do want to get it as close as possible to their habitats like Attics-Insulation ,Behind Refrigerators and Ovens,
Boxes ,Light fixtures ,Electrical outlets and  Under siding . Diatomaceous earth, an active ingredient found in other pesticides, is composed of crushed microscopic marine organisms and is an ecological means of control. This powdery dust is much like an abrasive, it removes the waxy coating on the insect's skin that normally prevents the insect from losing water. After coming into contact with the dust, the insect dies from dehydration. Diatomaceous earth is non-toxic to humans (avoid breathing the dust).
Boric acid dust can also be used for firebrats and silverfish. Boric acid has the advantages of being very low in toxicity and very long lasting if applied in dry voids where it will remain undisturbed.
Silverfish  can be easily trapped by using sticky traps.
If you have a problem of silverfish inside your home, a good residual perimeter treatment of  residual insecticides, sprayed around entry points and foundation of the house would be the  step.

CALL IDEAL PEST CONTROL 604-543-1457 TO TAKE CONTROL OF YOUR SILVEFISH PROBLEM





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